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Regardless Of Fred's Path, Flooding Is A Likely Hazard This Weekend in Florida

Map shows projected Fred rainfall totals
Florida Public Radio Emergency Network

Wind and surge impacts could vary greatly in some places depending on Fred's track, but the greatest hazard to most Floridians will be heavy rain and potential flooding.

Heavy rain and potential flooding will be the biggest concern for Floridians as Tropical Depression Fred enters the Straits of Florida on Saturday.

Forecast data also suggests wind and surge impacts could vary greatly in some places depending on one of two possible scenarios that might unfold once Fred moves away from the Greater Antilles and toward Florida on Friday and Saturday.

Fred weakened to a Tropical Depression on Wednesday night as it moved across the mountainous island of Hispaniola.

Hurricane hunter aircraft continues to report that Tropical Depression Fred is disorganized. This was an expected trend given the storm's center moved over the mountainous island of Hispaniola on Wednesday.

However, there were no significant changes to the track or intensity forecasts for Fred. The primary hazard that will affect most Floridians is still likely to be heavy rain and flooding, and it is still too soon to determine specifics on any wind or surge impacts for coastal areas along the Gulf Coast.

The National Hurricane Center expects it to regain tropical storm strength again Friday as it parallels the northern coast of Cuba. The storm's proximity to land and influences from upper-level steering winds will be key to its eventual path and intensity.

As of Thursday at 5 p.m., Fred was located about 165 miles east of Camaguey, Cuba — about 470 miles east-southeast of Key West — and moving to the west-northwest at 12 mph. Maximum sustained winds are 35 mph with higher gusts.

Florida Public Radio Emergency Network

The National Hurricane Center has repeatedly stated that confidence is "lower than normal" in the intensity and track forecasts for Tropical Depression Fred.

In his forecast discussion on Wednesday at 5 p.m., senior hurricane specialist Jack Bevin referenced the diverging models and said the hurricane center's forecast track is "between these extremes."

One possible scenario takes Fred on a more westerly route through the Florida Keys and several hundred miles into the eastern Gulf of Mexico.

Several reliable forecast model simulations have begun to shift in this direction, which would allow Fred to spend more time over water and potentially in a slightly more favorable atmospheric environment for intensification.

On this journey, Fred would most likely make a turn to the north late Sunday or Monday and have a greater chance of directly affecting portions of the Florida Panhandle with tropical storm conditions.

An alternative scenario — which based on current model interpretations has about an equal chance of coming to pass — is that the storm's center moves more north than west and spends more time near or over the Florida Peninsula.

On this path, upper-level winds and the interactions with land would likely prevent Fred from intensifying as much, thereby mitigating overall surge and wind impacts to most Floridians. However, if this outcome manifests, heavy rainfall would be more widespread and potentially affect areas along the west coast that are more vulnerable to flooding due to recent heavy rainfall events.

Regardless of which path Fred takes into the Gulf of Mexico, and even irrespective of the storm's intensity at the time, tropical storm force wind gusts, heavy rain, and localized flooding are all probable in the Florida Keys as early as Friday night.

These hazards are also possible in portions of south and southwest Florida from Naples to Miami on Saturday. Early forecast data suggests 4 to 6 inches of rain would be possible in these areas through Sunday.

Meteorologists at the Florida Public Radio Emergency Network will continue continuing coverage of Tropical Storm Fred in the Florida Storms mobile app and on the @FloridaStorms social media accounts through the duration of the event.

Jeff Huffman is Chief Meteorologist at the University of Florida in Gainesville. In addition to his full-time position at the university's radio and television stations, WUFT-FM/TV and WRUF-TV, the latter of which he co-founded, Huffman also provides weather coverage to public radio stations throughout Florida
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