Plans for three new or expanded toll roads across rural areas of the state continued to roll through the Senate on Thursday, despite critics warning about sprawling development.
With the issue a priority of Senate President Bill Galvano, the Senate Appropriations Committee backed the proposal (SB 7068), which calls for spending $45 million next year and would lead to establishing task forces to study economic and environmental impacts of each project.
Sen. Tom Lee, a Thonotosassa Republican who is carrying the bill for Galvano, said the intent is to anticipate the future needs of the state.
“If there are people that think we need to all live in an urban area and ride around on scooters, I can’t help them. I mean, that’s just not reality,” Lee said.
The proposal would extend the Suncoast Parkway from the Tampa Bay area north to the Georgia border, extend the Florida Turnpike west to hook up with the Suncoast Parkway and build a new transportation corridor from Polk County to Collier County.
Galvano, R-Bradenton, has said the roads would help rural communities, address the state’s continued rapid growth, provide new hurricane-evacuation options, expand bicycle and pedestrian trails and lay the groundwork for new water and sewer lines and broadband.
Lee said it’s difficult to project costs and potential sprawl until studies are completed and the routes and interchanges are detailed.
“These are areas that are lacking economic development activity, they lack some of the related infrastructure improvements that you see in urban areas for their populations,” Lee said “As we look at all of those things, and try to ... look 20 years out into the future, we need to consider whether we should be getting these projects on the map for production to begin construction, if in fact they are feasible.”
But critics argued the potential impacts of growth on rural communities should be addressed before the roads are approved.
David Cullen, a lobbyist with Sierra Club Florida, said the roads will fragment the landscape and negatively impact wildlife habitat and the natural systems residents depend upon.
“Why would a large land owner donate their land?” Cullen said. “Because they can see being able to develop that land. That’s why they’re willing to give it away. And that’s why we think that bringing in roads that not only have transportation, which is the first thing you need for development, it’s also going to bring in water and sewer infrastructure, and that is a recipe for sprawl.”
Thomas Hawkins, policy and planning director for 1000 Friends of Florida, which opposes the proposal, said a focus should be on urban areas that already face transportation and safety issues.
“Anybody who has driven I-10 from Jacksonville to Pensacola knows that just having roadway facilities through your jurisdiction, expressways don’t bring jobs,” Hawkins said. “I would just offer that we’d be much better redirecting our scarce infrastructure dollars towards supporting our existing communities rather than risking our rural and agricultural lands.”
Under the proposal, funding would grow from $45 million next fiscal year to $90 million in the 2020-2021 fiscal year, about $135 million the next year and a recurring amount of $140 million starting in the 2022-2023 fiscal year.
The task forces would have to complete their work by Oct. 1, 2020 --- the date was pushed back from June 1, 2020 in an amendment on Thursday. The proposal calls for construction to begin by the end of 2022 and the roads to open to traffic before Dec. 31, 2030.
The proposal has backing from the Florida Chamber of Commerce, Florida Ports Council, the Florida Trucking Association and the Asphalt Contractors Association of Florida. An identical measure in the House (HB 7113) cleared the Transportation and Tourism Appropriations Subcommittee on March 28.