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Phosphate processing plants in the greater Tampa Bay region have caused some of Florida's worst environmental disasters. Accidents like the spill at the former Piney Point plant fill the history books in Florida.

Millions Of Gallons Of Toxic Water Continue To Flow Into Tampa Bay

View of the Piney Point gypstacks
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View of the Piney Point gypstacks

Workers at the closed Piney Point phosphate processing plant in Manatee County continue to take emergency measures to reduce the amount of water inside a giant gypsum stack used to hold byproducts of the production of fertilizer.

Toxic water continues to pour out of a leaking phosphate retention pond into Tampa Bay. There is concern the pond could collapse.

Millions of gallons of polluted water have poured into Tampa Bay since the breach was first reported over the weekend.

Jeff Barath is an engineer on site with HRK Holdings, which manages the closed Piney Point plant. He told Manatee County Commissioners on Thursday they're siphoning off water from the pond to relieve pressure that could cause the earthen walls to collapse.

"At the rate of that discharge from that single siphon is approximately 11,000 gallons per minute," he said. "Which means that we are looking at approximately 14.5 million gallons of water that is being decanted into Manatee Harbor per a 24-hour time period."

He says at that rate, water inside the pond is dropping a foot a day. The water in the gypsum stack is 27 feet tall. Barath says they're attempting to start a second siphon to divert the water into a lined stormwater retention system, but several breaches in the line prevented that from happening Thursday.

 HRK Holdings Engineer Jeff Barath shows Manatee County Commissioners the flow from the affected gypsum stack to nearby Piney Point Creek
Manatee County
HRK Holdings Engineer Jeff Barath shows Manatee County Commissioners the flow from the affected gypsum stack to nearby Piney Point Creek

The water flowing into Tampa Bay contains toxins such as heavy metals and nitrogen and phosphorous, nutrients which can trigger red tide and fish kills.

Baranth said the water in the pond has been diluted over time by the addition of sea water from dredging at nearby Port Manatee. It now supports fish and wildlife in its upper sections, above the more toxic sediment.

The pond where the leak happened holds an estimated 480 million gallons of mixed sea water — primarily saltwater from a Port Manatee dredge project, mixed with old process water and stormwater runoff and rainfall, said DEP spokeswoman Weesam Khoury.

Khoury said DEP Secretary Noah Valenstine and the state's new chief science officer, Mark Rains, met with DEP staff Thursday who are onsite monitoring and coordinating response efforts. She said DEP staff have been overseeing ongoing activities to contain the spill and monitor the emergency discharges.

She said the department's authorization for the controlled discharges is not a blanket authorization for the 480 million gallons estimated to be held in the gypsum stack. It only authorizes discharges at an amount necessary to ensure stabilization of the pond's walls.

This is not the first time water has poured from Piney Point into Tampa Bay.

In 2001, a tropical storm forced the release of 10 million gallons of water into Bishop Harbor. Another 170 million gallons were released in 2011, killing untold numbers of fish and marine life in Tampa Bay after heavy rains caused part of the dike at the closed plant to collapse.

Steve Newborn is a WUSF reporter and producer at WUSF covering environmental issues and politics in the Tampa Bay area.
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