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This Cute Critter Could Be Florida's Next Invasive Species

Way cuter than a python: the capybara is also known as "chiguire" in some Latin American countries.
Way cuter than a python: the capybara is also known as "chiguire" in some Latin American countries.
Way cuter than a python. A capybara in the Pantanal, Brazil.
Credit Charlesjsharp
Way cuter than a python. A capybara in the Pantanal, Brazil.

Burmese pythons, lionfish, african land snails -- these are just a few of the invasive species considered threats to Florida ecosystems. And the fact that you really can't snuggle with serpent, a venomous fish or a disease-carrying mollusk perhaps makes them easier to eradicate.

But what does Florida do about a potential invader that's a little on the cute side?Such a creature is a capybara. Dr. ElizabethCongdon, Department Chair of Natural Sciences atBethune-CookmanUniversity in Daytona Beach, is warning that the rodent (which looks like an oversized guinea pig) could be Florida's next invasive species. In the following interview, she tellsWLRN'sChristineDiMattei how the capybara came to Florida -- and what should be done to eliminate it as a pest without harming a species that some Americans are starting to keep as pets

Still have questions about the capybaras? Here are some FAQs.

What IS a capybara?

The capybara is the largest rodent in the world.  Native to South America, its closest relative is the guinea pig -- but capybaras can grow to about 4 feet long and around 100 pounds.  

How did they get to Florida?

A few capybaras escaped from a research facility near Gainesville in the early 1990s. Most of them were recaptured but the ones that weren't have evidently been breeding; a number of juvenile capybaras have been spotted in north-central Florida.

Are they invasive in Florida?

Not yet. Until they become a problem, they're considered a non-native, "exotic" species, not an invasive one.

What would make them invasive?

If they breed to the point where they enter agricultural lands or spread disease to humans, capybaras will probably be classified an invasive species. In Brazil, they've been known to carry a tick that spreads spotted fever; also in that country, they're fond of eating crops like corn and sugar cane.

What should you do if you spot one?

Capybaras might look cute and cuddly, but animals lovers should resist the temptation to capture one from the wild and keep it as a pet (it's illegal to have a capybara as a pet in Florida without a permit). If you see one, you can contact the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission's Exotic Species Hotline at  888-IVE-GOT1 (888- 483-4681).


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